After six years of negotiations, participants in the Doha Round have still not succeeded in steering the world trading system in a direction favorable to developing countries. Implementation Update In January , The Drug Enforcement Administration DEA published a rule that established new standards and procedures for the import and export of controlled substances, listed chemicals, and tableting and encapsulating machines; as well as procedures for the reporting of the theft and loss of listed chemicals and domestic transactions involving tableting and encapsulating machines and listed chemicals. Data series is constructed by combining table number, frequency, type of measurement, and currency. These actions would minimize any collateral damage done to the economy imposing restrictions, and they would ensure that the Internet continues to serve as a driver of innovation, economic growth, and social development. Search Search Submit Button Submit. In a recent report, Business Roundtable identifies at least six different areas of activity whereby firms may transmit data across national borders to support business operations.
The International Trade Data System (ITDS) is a project to build an electronic “single- window” for reporting imports and exports to the government. Currently, traders must.
The United States, Canada, and Mexico cooperate on hemispheric and global challenges, such as managing trans-border infectious diseases and seeking greater cooperation to respond to challenges of transnational organized crime. Mexico is a strong promoter of free trade, maintaining free trade agreements with the most countries of any nation in the world, including pacts with Japan, the EU, and many Latin American partners.
In , Mexico joined Chile, Colombia, and Peru to launch an ambitious regional economic integration effort, the Pacific Alliance, focused on liberalizing trade and investment, as well as facilitating the movement of citizens. Protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights IPR is essential to foster economic growth and innovation. Mexico has seen continued challenges on the IPR front, particularly on enforcement.
The report noted the widespread availability of pirated and counterfeit goods in Mexico and the lack of coordination between authorities responsible for enforcing IPR.
The United States continues to support and urge Mexico to take the necessary steps to improve the IPR protection and enforcement environment in Mexico.
The border region represents a combined population of approximately 15 million people. Cooperation between the United States and Mexico along our border includes coordinating with state and local officials on cross-border infrastructure, transportation planning, and collaboration in institutions that address natural resource, environment, and health issues. In , the United States and Mexico created a high-level Executive Steering Committee for 21st Century Border Management to spur advancements in promoting a modern, secure, and efficient border.
We have many mechanisms involving the border region, including Border Master Plans to coordinate infrastructure and development and close collaboration on transportation and customs issues. The United States and Mexico have a long history of cooperation on environmental and natural resource issues, particularly in the border area, where there are challenges caused by rapid population growth, urbanization, and industrialization.
Cooperative activities between the United States and Mexico take place under a number of arrangements, such as the Border Program; the North American Development Bank; the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation; the Border Health Commission; and a variety of other agreements that address health of border residents, wildlife and migratory birds, national parks, and similar issues. The International Boundary and Water Commission IBWC , created by a treaty between the United States and Mexico, is an international organization responsible for managing a wide variety of water resource and boundary preservation issues.
It is also a good deal higher than the average number of people who enter the work force each month on net. The unemployment rate edged down 0. In addition, the share of the population that either has a job or has looked for one in the past month--the labor force participation rate--has not changed much since late This development is another sign of labor market strength.
Part of what has kept the participation rate stable is that more working-age people have started looking for a job, which has helped make up for the large number of baby boomers who are retiring and leaving the labor force. Another piece of good news is that the robust conditions in the labor market are being felt by many different groups.
For example, the unemployment rates for African Americans and Hispanics have fallen sharply over the past few years and are now near their lowest levels since the Bureau of Labor Statistics began reporting data for these groups in Groups with higher unemployment rates have tended to benefit the most as the job market has strengthened. But jobless rates for these groups are still higher than those for whites.
And while three-fourths of whites responded in a recent Federal Reserve survey that they were doing at least okay financially in , only two-thirds of African Americans and Hispanics responded that way.
Incoming data show that, alongside the strong job market, the U. The value of goods and services produced in the economy--or gross domestic product--rose at a moderate annual rate of 2 percent in the first quarter after adjusting for inflation. However, the latest data suggest that economic growth in the second quarter was considerably stronger than in the first. The solid pace of growth so far this year is based on several factors. Robust job gains, rising after-tax incomes, and optimism among households have lifted consumer spending in recent months.
Investment by businesses has continued to grow at a healthy rate. Good economic performance in other countries has supported U. And while housing construction has not increased this year, it is up noticeably from where it stood a few years ago. I will turn now to inflation. After several years in which inflation ran below our 2 percent objective, the recent data are encouraging.
The price index for personal consumption expenditures, which is an overall measure of prices paid by consumers, increased 2. That number is up from 1. Overall inflation increased partly because of higher oil prices, which caused a sharp rise in gasoline and other energy prices paid by consumers. Because energy prices move up and down a great deal, we also look at core inflation. Core inflation excludes energy and food prices and generally is a better indicator of future overall inflation.
Core inflation was 2. We will continue to keep a close eye on inflation with the goal of keeping it near 2 percent. As a result, they note that:. A pattern is developing wherein U. As another example, consider India. As a result, India is seeking to increase their military spending, while arms dealers are only too willing to help both India and Pakistan.
Furthermore, government officials from major arms dealing nations are major actors in attempting to see deals through, as there are obvious political dimensions. Further, they also reported that, Industry officials were unabashed in admitting that the current regional tension between the nuclear-armed neighbors is a unique selling opportunity. However, for governments that host these arms industries, it would seem that security issues would be an important part of their foreign policy objective.
For sure, it is no easy task for such governments because there can be powerful domestic interests and issues and concerns from related industry and other groups, who can argue that continuing to sell arms will help maintain or even create jobs, etc. This is discussed in more detail a bit later in this section on propaganda for arms trade. An official of no less stature than Foreign Secretary somewhat similar to U. Secretary of State is involved in marketing for a weapons company.
But it can go even higher than that. While public relations departments of such governments can say that their leaders are going on humanitarian or peace missions to urge some nations not to go to war, they are also selling arms at the same time, often to both parties. Geopolitically, this is divide and conquer still at work, while economically, this proves beneficial to the armament firms. Corrupt leaders of recipient governments are only too happy to take part as well.
Unfortunately, these are not isolated occurrence nor is it usually even reported as sensational or questionable , as for a long time, public officials and leaders have been involved in such issues. The World Policy Institute reports in its report about U. With such massive amounts of money criticism has been raised again that profit comes before people.
Centuries of experience in the arms trade have matured into a standard procedure for farming the public treasures through arms sales. As the riches and most powerful country in the world, it is only logical that the United States is where the most money is to be earned procuring and selling arms.
With each seasonal arms authorization and appropriation voted on in Congress, there are the predictably cadenced warnings of … dangerous gaps. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. A cycle of violence is a real concern. Though the arms trade may not always be a root cause, their impacts are of course significant.
Some countries resort to oppression as the way to address problems, and are only too willing to accept new arms. But the arms industry is also willing to help, while some governments may often encourage such regimes to purchase weapons from them, rather than from competing nations. Most arms supplier nations will have champions defending the sales; it creates wealth, it provides jobs, etc.
To want such an industry to be a major driver for economic growth can perhaps raise some moral questions given that the murky arms industry has helped fuel conflicts or served other geopolitical interests as alluded to earlier. Interestingly, such a policy decision is also something that would never have entered public debate, and certainly not a topic that comes up in election campaigns where local and national issues take priority.
If that is the case, then it raises the interesting question of whether a citizenry of a democracy would want this being a policy in their name. For sure many nations, such as the US, have arms export controls that may offer some degree of comfort but as mentioned above it has often been violated it seems, without any accountability.
Even calls for a global arms trade treaty is a painful struggle. The UN has long called for a creative partnership with the arms industry saying that such an arrangement would help promote greater transparency, help curb illicit arms trafficking and ensure legitimate use of the purchased weapons. In some respects, this is would be a welcome step forward as assuming a transition to a real world peace without arms and weapons etc seems highly unlikely, even though it is probably desired by most people.
However, it could be argued that it is under under such rhetoric, combined with the powerful lobbying of the military industries that governments can intentionally or unintentionally end up aiding military industrial complexes more than other governments.
As a result, many are concerned that seeking peace via war is a questionable foreign policy to say the least. Indeed, military expenditure in major countries seem to be rapidly increasing, as we turn to next.
Sometimes links to other sites may break beyond my control. Where possible, alternative links are provided to backups or reposted versions here. To print all information e. Note about the data The report typically follows the trends of major arms suppliers, but as was noted in the Grimmett Report , there has been an increase in participation of other non-traditional suppliers, such as Israel, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
Raw data Arms sales agreements , by Supplier, in billions of constant U. Percentages are rounded; Each country shown as follows: As a chart Raw data As a chart. Raw data Arms sales agreements , to , in billions of constant U. Share this Bookmark or share this with others using some popular social bookmarking web sites: Monday, July 20, Last Updated: Saturday, January 05, Document Revision History Date Reason January 5, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for October 23, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for October 5, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for November 23, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for November 9, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for Also added a small note on how corruption in the arms trade ranked with other forms of corruption.
October 30, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for January 28, The arms trade is corrupt—a small note added on this October 2, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for Also added another example of arms sales overriding human rights concerns.
June 1, Updated global military spending numbers to add in data available for Also added some more information about how arms sales are conducted and how much is sold to human rights violators.
September 7, Added image showing how UN permanent members arms exports go to much of the Third World June 16, Updated global military spending numbers.
Trade Data System” (ITDS) and to be operated by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. This unified data system is to electronically collect and distribute import and export data required by government agencies that license or clear the import or export of goods. The executive order states that by Dec. 31, , agencies participating in ITDS must have capabilities, agreements and other requirements in place to utilize ITDS and supporting systems, such as ACE, as the primary means of receiving from users the standard set of data and other relevant documentation (other than applications for permits, licenses or certifications) required for the release of imported cargo and . Overview The mission of the International Trade Data System (ITDS) is to establish a "single-window" electronic system between the U.S. Government and the trade community. ITDS will not be a separate computer system, but a suite of functions to support federal agencies with import and export.